CPES logoCollaborative Psychiatric
Epidemiology Surveys


Variable Label: # of times in life made bet of any kind


GM1

(RB, PG 51)

The next questions are about how often you have ever bet or gambled for money. In answering, think about all the times you ever made a bet of any sort -- (COMPLEX SENTENCE, READ CAREFULLY) from betting on sports in an office pool to playing cards with friends, buying lottery tickets, playing bingo, speculating on high risk stocks, playing pool or golf for money, playing slot machines, betting on horse races, and any other kind of betting or gambling. Taking all these things together, what's your best estimate of how many times you ever made a bet of any kind in your entire life?

1 NEVER

2 1-10 TIMES

3 11-50 TIMES

4 51-100 TIMES

5 101-500 TIMES

6 501-1000 TIMES

7 MORE THAN 1000

Additional Documentation

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ValueLabelFrequencyValid
Percent
Total
Percent
1NEVER64218.56%06.92%
21-10 TIMES81123.45%08.74%
311-50 TIMES64718.70%06.97%
451-100 TIMES38711.19%04.17%
5101-500 TIMES43312.52%04.66%
6501-1000 TIMES18805.44%02.03%
7MORE THAN 100035110.15%03.78%
-9REFUSED2-00.02%
-8DONT KNOW14-00.15%
.Missing5807-62.56%

Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

  • Missing Data Codes: -9 (Refused), -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
  • Total Cases: 9282

You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



GM1 <> 1

1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08868)

2 EXPR IS TRUE

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This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


    Variable Label: # times in life bet on sports w/ friends or office pool


    GM1_1a

    (RB, PG 52)

    Approximately how many times in your life did you ever bet or spend money on each of the following activities?

    Betting on sports with friends or in an office pool?

    IF NEC: READ RESPONSE OPTIONS

    1 NEVER

    2 1-10 TIMES

    3 11-100 TIMES

    4 101-500 TIMES

    5 MORE THAN 500 TIMES

    Additional Documentation

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    ValueLabelFrequencyValid
    Percent
    Total
    Percent
    1NEVER121543.01%13.09%
    21-10 TIMES94033.27%10.13%
    311-100 TIMES49917.66%05.38%
    4101-500 TIMES10103.58%01.09%
    5MORE THAN 500 TIMES7002.48%00.75%
    -9REFUSED2-00.02%
    -8DONT KNOW7-00.08%
    .Missing6448-69.47%

    Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

    • Missing Data Codes: -9 (Refused), -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
    • Total Cases: 9282

    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


    Variable Label: # times in life bet on sports w/ bookie or parlay cards


    GM1_1b

    (RB, PG 52)

    (Approximately how many times in your life did you ever bet or spend money on each of the following activities?)

    Betting on sports with a bookie or with parlay cards?

    IF NEC: READ RESPONSE OPTIONS

    1 NEVER

    2 1-10 TIMES

    3 11-100 TIMES

    4 101-500 TIMES

    5 MORE THAN 500 TIMES

    Additional Documentation

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    ValueLabelFrequencyValid
    Percent
    Total
    Percent
    1NEVER259291.65%27.93%
    21-10 TIMES12404.38%01.34%
    311-100 TIMES7002.48%00.75%
    4101-500 TIMES2100.74%00.23%
    5MORE THAN 500 TIMES2100.74%00.23%
    -9REFUSED2-00.02%
    -8DONT KNOW4-00.04%
    .Missing6448-69.47%

    Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

    • Missing Data Codes: -9 (Refused), -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
    • Total Cases: 9282

    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


    Variable Label: # times in life played cards/dice/chess/mental skill for money


    GM1_1c

    (RB, PG 52)

    (Approximately how many times in your life did you ever bet or spend money on each of the following activities?)

    Playing cards, dice, chess, or other games of mental skill for money?

    IF NEC: READ RESPONSE OPTIONS

    1 NEVER

    2 1-10 TIMES

    3 11-100 TIMES

    4 101-500 TIMES

    5 MORE THAN 500 TIMES

    Additional Documentation

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    ValueLabelFrequencyValid
    Percent
    Total
    Percent
    1NEVER147252.11%15.86%
    21-10 TIMES58620.74%06.31%
    311-100 TIMES46016.28%04.96%
    4101-500 TIMES17706.27%01.91%
    5MORE THAN 500 TIMES13004.60%01.40%
    -9REFUSED2-00.02%
    -8DONT KNOW7-00.08%
    .Missing6448-69.47%

    Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

    • Missing Data Codes: -9 (Refused), -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
    • Total Cases: 9282

    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


    Variable Label: # times in life played games of physical skill for money


    GM1_1d

    (RB, PG 52)

    (Approximately how many times in your life did you ever bet or spend money on each of the following activities?)

    Playing games of physical skill for money, such as pool, golf, or bowling?

    IF NEC: READ RESPONSE OPTIONS

    1 NEVER

    2 1-10 TIMES

    3 11-100 TIMES

    4 101-500 TIMES

    5 MORE THAN 500 TIMES

    Additional Documentation

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    ValueLabelFrequencyValid
    Percent
    Total
    Percent
    1NEVER199070.34%21.44%
    21-10 TIMES42815.13%04.61%
    311-100 TIMES27109.58%02.92%
    4101-500 TIMES8202.90%00.88%
    5MORE THAN 500 TIMES5802.05%00.62%
    -9REFUSED2-00.02%
    -8DONT KNOW3-00.03%
    .Missing6448-69.47%

    Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

    • Missing Data Codes: -9 (Refused), -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
    • Total Cases: 9282

    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


    Variable Label: # times in life specul on high risk stocks/real estate/futures


    GM1_1e

    (RB, PG 52)

    (Approximately how many times in your life did you ever bet or spend money on each of the following activities?)

    Speculating on high risk stocks, day trading, real estate, stock options, or futures?

    IF NEC: READ RESPONSE OPTIONS

    1 NEVER

    2 1-10 TIMES

    3 11-100 TIMES

    4 101-500 TIMES

    5 MORE THAN 500 TIMES

    Additional Documentation

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    ValueLabelFrequencyValid
    Percent
    Total
    Percent
    1NEVER249388.15%26.86%
    21-10 TIMES23108.17%02.49%
    311-100 TIMES7702.72%00.83%
    4101-500 TIMES1000.35%00.11%
    5MORE THAN 500 TIMES1700.60%00.18%
    -9REFUSED2-00.02%
    -8DONT KNOW4-00.04%
    .Missing6448-69.47%

    Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

    • Missing Data Codes: -9 (Refused), -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
    • Total Cases: 9282

    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


    Variable Label: # times in life playing #s/lotto/video lottery/inst lotto


    GM1_1f

    (RB, PG 52)

    (Approximately how many times in your life did you ever bet or spend money on each of the following activities?)

    Playing the numbers, Lotto, video lottery games, instant Lotto games, or instant scratch-off tickets?

    IF NEC: READ RESPONSE OPTIONS

    1 NEVER

    2 1-10 TIMES

    3 11-100 TIMES

    4 101-500 TIMES

    5 MORE THAN 500 TIMES

    Additional Documentation

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    ValueLabelFrequencyValid
    Percent
    Total
    Percent
    1NEVER50317.79%05.42%
    21-10 TIMES93032.90%10.02%
    311-100 TIMES86330.53%09.30%
    4101-500 TIMES27809.83%03.00%
    5MORE THAN 500 TIMES25308.95%02.73%
    -9REFUSED2-00.02%
    -8DONT KNOW5-00.05%
    .Missing6448-69.47%

    Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

    • Missing Data Codes: -9 (Refused), -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
    • Total Cases: 9282

    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


    Variable Label: # times in life gambling on internet


    GM1_1g

    (RB, PG 52)

    (Approximately how many times in your life did you ever bet or spend money on each of the following activities?)

    Gambling on the internet?

    IF NEC: READ RESPONSE OPTIONS

    1 NEVER

    2 1-10 TIMES

    3 11-100 TIMES

    4 101-500 TIMES

    5 MORE THAN 500 TIMES

    Additional Documentation

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    ValueLabelFrequencyValid
    Percent
    Total
    Percent
    1NEVER278798.41%30.03%
    21-10 TIMES2901.02%00.31%
    311-100 TIMES400.14%00.04%
    4101-500 TIMES300.11%00.03%
    5MORE THAN 500 TIMES900.32%00.10%
    -9REFUSED1-00.01%
    -8DONT KNOW1-00.01%
    .Missing6448-69.47%

    Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

    • Missing Data Codes: -9 (Refused), -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
    • Total Cases: 9282

    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


    Variable Label: # times in life playing video poker/other gambling machines


    GM1_1h

    (RB, PG 52)

    (Approximately how many times in your life did you ever bet or spend money on each of the following activities?)

    Playing video poker machines or other gambling machines?

    IF NEC: READ RESPONSE OPTIONS

    1 NEVER

    2 1-10 TIMES

    3 11-100 TIMES

    4 101-500 TIMES

    5 MORE THAN 500 TIMES

    Additional Documentation

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    ValueLabelFrequencyValid
    Percent
    Total
    Percent
    1NEVER175662.16%18.92%
    21-10 TIMES57020.18%06.14%
    311-100 TIMES35612.60%03.84%
    4101-500 TIMES8302.94%00.89%
    5MORE THAN 500 TIMES6002.12%00.65%
    -9REFUSED2-00.02%
    -8DONT KNOW7-00.08%
    .Missing6448-69.47%

    Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

    • Missing Data Codes: -9 (Refused), -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
    • Total Cases: 9282

    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


    Variable Label: # times in life playing slot machines/bingo/pull tabs


    GM1_1i

    (RB, PG 52)

    (Approximately how many times in your life did you ever bet or spend money on each of the following activities?)

    Playing slot machines, bingo, or pull tabs?

    IF NEC: READ RESPONSE OPTIONS

    1 NEVER

    2 1-10 TIMES

    3 11-100 TIMES

    4 101-500 TIMES

    5 MORE THAN 500 TIMES

    Additional Documentation

    View Universe

    ValueLabelFrequencyValid
    Percent
    Total
    Percent
    1NEVER94533.46%10.18%
    21-10 TIMES101535.94%10.94%
    311-100 TIMES59120.93%06.37%
    4101-500 TIMES14705.21%01.58%
    5MORE THAN 500 TIMES12604.46%01.36%
    -9REFUSED2-00.02%
    -8DONT KNOW8-00.09%
    .Missing6448-69.47%

    Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

    • Missing Data Codes: -9 (Refused), -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
    • Total Cases: 9282

    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


    Variable Label: # times in life betting on horse/dog races or dog/cock fights


    GM1_1j

    (RB, PG 52)

    (Approximately how many times in your life did you ever bet or spend money on each of the following activities?)

    Betting on horse or dog races or on dog or cock fights?

    IF NEC: READ RESPONSE OPTIONS

    1 NEVER

    2 1-10 TIMES

    3 11-100 TIMES

    4 101-500 TIMES

    5 MORE THAN 500 TIMES

    Additional Documentation

    View Universe

    ValueLabelFrequencyValid
    Percent
    Total
    Percent
    1NEVER189767.10%20.44%
    21-10 TIMES66223.42%07.13%
    311-100 TIMES20607.29%02.22%
    4101-500 TIMES3901.38%00.42%
    5MORE THAN 500 TIMES2300.81%00.25%
    -9REFUSED2-00.02%
    -8DONT KNOW5-00.05%
    .Missing6448-69.47%

    Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

    • Missing Data Codes: -9 (Refused), -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
    • Total Cases: 9282

    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


    Variable Label: # times in life gambling at casino


    GM1_1k

    (RB, PG 52)

    (Approximately how many times in your life did you ever bet or spend money on each of the following activities?)

    Gambling at a casino?

    IF NEC: READ RESPONSE OPTIONS

    1 NEVER

    2 1-10 TIMES

    3 11-100 TIMES

    4 101-500 TIMES

    5 MORE THAN 500 TIMES

    Additional Documentation

    View Universe

    ValueLabelFrequencyValid
    Percent
    Total
    Percent
    1NEVER113140.01%12.18%
    21-10 TIMES106637.71%11.48%
    311-100 TIMES44315.67%04.77%
    4101-500 TIMES10903.86%01.17%
    5MORE THAN 500 TIMES7802.76%00.84%
    -9REFUSED2-00.02%
    -8DONT KNOW5-00.05%
    .Missing6448-69.47%

    Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

    • Missing Data Codes: -9 (Refused), -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
    • Total Cases: 9282

    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


    Variable Label: Age 1st placed bet or gambled with money


    GM2

    How old were you the very first time you placed a bet or gambled for money?

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    • Valid N: 2731
    • Refused: 101
    • Don't Know: 2
    • Missing (Other): 0
    • Missing (System): 6448
    MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
    23.0711.2820.0001.00083.000
    • Valid Range: 1 - 83
    • Total Cases: 9282

    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



    GM3

    INTERVIEWER CHECKPOINT (SEE GM1)

    1 GAMBLED AT LEAST 51 TIMES

    2 ALL OTHERS GO TO NEXT SECTION

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    This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.

    • Valid Range: 1 - 2



    GM3 = 1

    1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08652)

    2 EXPR IS TRUE

    View Universe

    This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


      Variable Label: Gambled at least weekly for 6 months or more in a row


      GM4

      Did you ever have a time in your life when you placed a bet or gambled at least once every week for six months or more in a row?

      1 YES

      5 NO (see V08652)

      View Universe

      ValueLabelFrequencyValid
      Percent
      Total
      Percent
      1YES43431.68%04.68%
      5NO93668.32%10.08%
      -9REFUSED2-00.02%
      -8DONT KNOW1-00.01%
      .Missing7909-85.21%

      Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

      • Missing Data Codes: -9 (Refused), -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
      • Total Cases: 9282

      You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


      Variable Label: Age 1st started gambling weekly for 6 months in a row


      GM5

      About how old were you when you first started to bet or gamble at least once a week for six months in a row?

      View Universe

      • Valid N: 421
      • Refused: 13
      • Don't Know: 0
      • Missing (Other): 0
      • Missing (System): 8848
      MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
      29.5613.8325.0001.00075.000
      • Valid Range: 1 - 75
      • Total Cases: 9282

      You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


      Variable Label: Largest amount of money lost in single year


      GM6

      Taking all your wins and losses over a full year together, what is the largest amount of money you ever lost in a single year?

      CODE 'NO LOSS' OR 'LOSS LESS THAN $1 AS '0'.
      CODE MORE THAN $9997 AS $9997.

      View Universe

      • Valid N: 2711
      • Refused: 117
      • Don't Know: 4
      • Missing (Other): 0
      • Missing (System): 6450
      MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
      473.801551.3150.0000.0009997.000
      • Valid Range: 0 - 9997
      • Total Cases: 9282

      You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



      GM6a. INTERVIEWER CHECKPOINT: (SEE GM1, GM2)

      1 GM1 EQUALS '3' - '7' AND GM2 EQUALS '365' - '9997'

      2 ALL OTHERS

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      This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.

      • Valid Range: 1 - 2



      GM6a = 1

      1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08868)

      2 EXPR IS TRUE

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      This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


        Variable Label: Gambling interfered with work/school/home


        GM8a

        Did you ever have a time in your life when you often had any of the following problems associated with your gambling:

        Was there ever a time when your betting or gambling often interfered with your work or responsibilities at school, on a job, or at home?

        1 YES

        5 NO

        View Universe

        ValueLabelFrequencyValid
        Percent
        Total
        Percent
        1YES2806.31%00.30%
        5NO41693.69%04.48%
        .Missing8838-95.22%

        Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

        • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
        • Total Cases: 9282

        You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


        Variable Label: Gambling caused argument/probs w/ family/friends/coworkers


        GM8b

        (Did you ever have a time in your life when you often had any of the following problems associated with your gambling:)

        Was there ever a time when your betting or gambling caused repeated arguments or other serious problems with your family, friends, neighbors, or coworkers?

        1 YES

        5 NO

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        ValueLabelFrequencyValid
        Percent
        Total
        Percent
        1YES3507.88%00.38%
        5NO40992.12%04.41%
        .Missing8838-95.22%

        Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

        • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
        • Total Cases: 9282

        You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


        Variable Label: Tried to keep family/friends from knowing how much gambled


        GM8c

        (Did you ever have a time in your life when you often had any of the following problems associated with your gambling:)

        Was there a time when you often tried to keep your family or friends from knowing how much you gambled?

        1 YES

        5 NO

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        ValueLabelFrequencyValid
        Percent
        Total
        Percent
        1YES6915.54%00.74%
        5NO37584.46%04.04%
        .Missing8838-95.22%

        Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

        • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
        • Total Cases: 9282

        You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


        Variable Label: Sometimes claimed to be winning when actually losing


        GM8d

        (Did you ever have a time in your life when you often had any of the following problems associated with your gambling:)

        Did you sometimes claim to be winning when you were actually losing?

        1 YES (see V08671)

        5 NO (see V08671)

        View Universe

        ValueLabelFrequencyValid
        Percent
        Total
        Percent
        1YES5913.29%00.64%
        5NO38586.71%04.15%
        .Missing8838-95.22%

        Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

        • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
        • Total Cases: 9282

        You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



        INTERVIEWER CHECKPOINT (SEE *GM8a-d SERIES)

        1 AT LEAST ONE "YES" RESPONSE IN *GM8a-d SERIES

        2 RANDOM 10% OF OTHERS

        3 ALL OTHERS

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        This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.

        • Valid Range: 1 - 3



        (GM9 = 1) OR (GM9 = 2)

        1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08868)

        2 EXPR IS TRUE

        View Universe

        This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


          Variable Label: Spend lots of time thinking about gambling when shouldn't


          GM10a

          Did you ever have periods when you would spend lots of time thinking about your gambling when you should have been thinking about other things?

          1 YES

          5 NO

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          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
          Percent
          Total
          Percent
          1YES4131.06%00.44%
          5NO9168.94%00.98%
          .Missing9150-98.58%

          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
          • Total Cases: 9282

          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


          Variable Label: Lots of time planning bets or studying odds when shouldn't


          GM10b

          Did you ever have periods when you would spend lots of time planning your bets or studying the odds when you should have been doing other things?

          1 YES

          5 NO

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          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
          Percent
          Total
          Percent
          1YES3728.03%00.40%
          5NO9571.97%01.02%
          .Missing9150-98.58%

          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
          • Total Cases: 9282

          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


          Variable Label: Increased amt of bets over time to keep it exciting


          GM10c

          Over time, did you have to increase the amount you bet or gambled in order to keep it exciting?

          1 YES

          5 NO

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          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
          Percent
          Total
          Percent
          1YES4332.58%00.46%
          5NO8967.42%00.96%
          .Missing9150-98.58%

          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
          • Total Cases: 9282

          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


          Variable Label: Often used betting/gambling to improve mood


          GM10d

          Did you ever have a time in your life when you would often use betting or gambling as a way to get out of a bad mood or to improve your mood?

          1 YES

          5 NO

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          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
          Percent
          Total
          Percent
          1YES4231.82%00.45%
          5NO9068.18%00.97%
          .Missing9150-98.58%

          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
          • Total Cases: 9282

          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


          Variable Label: Gamble to escape or stop thinking about personal problems


          GM10e

          Did you often gamble in order to escape from or stop thinking about personal problems?

          1 YES

          5 NO

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          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
          Percent
          Total
          Percent
          1YES3325.00%00.36%
          5NO9975.00%01.07%
          .Missing9150-98.58%

          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
          • Total Cases: 9282

          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


          Variable Label: After losing money would return soon to win back losses


          GM10f

          After losing money gambling, did you often return another day soon after to win back your losses?

          1 YES

          5 NO

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          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
          Percent
          Total
          Percent
          1YES7758.33%00.83%
          5NO5541.67%00.59%
          .Missing9150-98.58%

          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
          • Total Cases: 9282

          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


          Variable Label: Gambled more in hope of winning back big gambling debt


          GM10g

          When you had a big gambling debt, did you gamble more and more in the hope of winning back the losses?

          1 YES

          5 NO

          View Universe

          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
          Percent
          Total
          Percent
          1YES4231.82%00.45%
          5NO9068.18%00.97%
          .Missing9150-98.58%

          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
          • Total Cases: 9282

          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


          Variable Label: Try to raise gambling money by writing bad checks/steal/illegal


          GM10h

          Did you ever try to raise gambling money by writing a bad check, stealing, or doing something else that was illegal?

          1 YES

          5 NO

          View Universe

          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
          Percent
          Total
          Percent
          1YES705.30%00.08%
          5NO12594.70%01.35%
          .Missing9150-98.58%

          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
          • Total Cases: 9282

          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


          Variable Label: Repeatedly borrow from family/friends to support gambling


          GM10i

          Did you repeatedly borrow money from your family or friends to support your gambling or to pay gambling debts?

          1 YES

          5 NO

          View Universe

          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
          Percent
          Total
          Percent
          1YES1511.36%00.16%
          5NO11788.64%01.26%
          .Missing9150-98.58%

          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
          • Total Cases: 9282

          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


          Variable Label: Strong irrestistable desire to bet/gamble


          GM10j

          Was there ever a time in your life when you often had such a strong desire to bet or gamble that you couldn't resist it or couldn't think of anything else?

          1 YES

          5 NO

          View Universe

          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
          Percent
          Total
          Percent
          1YES2720.45%00.29%
          5NO10579.55%01.13%
          .Missing9150-98.58%

          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
          • Total Cases: 9282

          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


          Variable Label: Gambled when promised self not to/bet more than intended


          GM10k

          Did you ever have times when you gambled even though you promised yourself you wouldn't, or when you bet a lot more or for a longer period of time than you intended?

          1 YES

          5 NO

          View Universe

          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
          Percent
          Total
          Percent
          1YES5239.39%00.56%
          5NO8060.61%00.86%
          .Missing9150-98.58%

          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
          • Total Cases: 9282

          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


          Variable Label: # of serious attempts to cut down/stop gambling


          GM10l

          How many times did you ever make a serious attempt to cut down or stop gambling?

          View Universe

          • Valid N: 128
          • Refused: 4
          • Don't Know: 0
          • Missing (Other): 0
          • Missing (System): 9150
          MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
          11.3289.1000.0000.0001000.000
          • Valid Range: 0 - 1000
          • Total Cases: 9282

          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



          GM11

          INTERVIEWER CHECKPOINT: (SEE GM24l)

          1 MADE AT LEAST ONE ATTEMPT

          2 ALL OTHERS

          View Universe

          This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.

          • Valid Range: 1 - 2



          GM11 = 1

          1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08760)

          2 EXPR IS TRUE

          View Universe

          This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.



            GM12

            INTERVIEWER CHECKPOINT (SEE GM10L) DID R HAVE TWO OR MORE TIMES IN GM10L?

            1 YES

            5 NO

            View Universe

            This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.

            • Valid Range: 1 - 5


            Variable Label: Trying to cut down gambling make you feel restless/irritable


            GM13

            Did trying to quit or cut down on gambling make you feel restless or irritable?

            1 YES

            5 NO

            View Universe

            ValueLabelFrequencyValid
            Percent
            Total
            Percent
            1YES1326.53%00.14%
            5NO3673.47%00.39%
            .Missing9233-99.47%

            Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

            • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
            • Total Cases: 9282

            You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


            Variable Label: Since 1st tried to stop, longest time not gambled


            GM14a

            Since you first tried to cut down or stop, what is the longest period of time you have ever gone without gambling?

            ENTER NUMBER FIRST

            View Universe

            • Valid N: 49
            • Refused: 0
            • Don't Know: 0
            • Missing (Other): 0
            • Missing (System): 9233
            MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
            07.2008.0304.0000.00042.000
            • Valid Range: 0 - 42
            • Total Cases: 9282

            You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


            Variable Label: Unit of time longest period of not gambling, GM14


            GM14b

            ENTER UNIT OF TIME

            1 DAY (see V08760)

            2 MONTH (see V08760)

            3 YEAR (see V08760)

            View Universe

            ValueLabelFrequencyValid
            Percent
            Total
            Percent
            1DAY204.08%00.02%
            2MONTH1938.78%00.20%
            3YEAR2857.14%00.30%
            .Missing9233-99.47%

            Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

            • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
            • Total Cases: 9282

            You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



            GM15

            INTERVIEWER CHECKPOINT: (SEE GM22a-d, GM24a-l, GM26, GM27)

            1 ZERO "YES" RESPONSES

            2 1-4 "YES" RESPONSES IN

            3 ALL OTHERS

            View Universe

            This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.

            • Valid Range: 1 - 3



            GM15 = 2

            1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08776)

            2 EXPR IS TRUE

            View Universe

            This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


              Variable Label: Remember exact age of very 1st gambling problem


              GM16

              You just reported that there were times when [(KEY PHRASES FOR ALL "YES" RESPONSES GM8a-d, GM10a-l, GM13)].

              Can you remember your exact age the very first time [(this happened/ either of these things happened/any of these things happened)]?

              1 YES

              5 NO

              View Universe

              ValueLabelFrequencyValid
              Percent
              Total
              Percent
              1YES4673.02%00.50%
              5NO1726.98%00.18%
              .Missing9219-99.32%

              Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

              • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
              • Total Cases: 9282

              You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



              GM16 <> 1

              1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08767)

              2 EXPR IS TRUE

              View Universe

              This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                Variable Label: Estimate age 1st problem because of gambling


                GM16b

                About how old were you [the first time (this happened/either of these things happened/any of these things happened) because of gambling]?

                View Universe

                • Valid N: 12
                • Refused: 5
                • Don't Know: 0
                • Missing (Other): 0
                • Missing (System): 9265
                MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                27.5809.2326.0016.00045.000
                • Valid Range: 16 - 45
                • Total Cases: 9282

                You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                Variable Label: Age 1st problem because of gambling before teens


                GM16b1

                Was it before your teens?

                1 YES (see V08769)

                5 NO

                View Universe

                ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                Percent
                Total
                Percent
                5NO3100.00%00.03%
                -8DONT KNOW2-00.02%
                .Missing9277-99.95%

                Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                • Missing Data Codes: -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
                • Total Cases: 9282

                You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                Variable Label: Age 1st problem because of gambling before 20s


                GM16b2

                Was it before your twenties?

                1 YES (see V08769)

                5 NO (see V08769)

                View Universe

                ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                Percent
                Total
                Percent
                5NO3100.00%00.03%
                .Missing9279-99.97%

                Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                • Total Cases: 9282

                You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                Variable Label: Exact age of 1st problem because of gambling


                GM16a

                (IF NEC: How old were you?)

                View Universe

                • Valid N: 46
                • Refused: 0
                • Don't Know: 0
                • Missing (Other): 0
                • Missing (System): 9236
                MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                31.3711.8629.0011.00066.000
                • Valid Range: 11 - 66
                • Total Cases: 9282

                You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                GM16a <> EMPTY OR GM16b <> EMPTY

                1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08771)

                2 EXPR IS TRUE

                View Universe

                This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                  Variable Label: Recent problem because of gambling in past months


                  GM17

                  How recently did you have [(this problem/ either of these problems/any of these problems)] because of gambling - in the past month, 2 to 6 months ago, 7 to 12 months ago, or more than 12 months ago?

                  1 PAST MONTH (see V08773)

                  2 2 TO 6 MONTHS AGO (see V08773)

                  3 7 TO 12 MONTHS AGO (see V08773)

                  4 MORE THAN 12 MONTHS AGO

                  View Universe

                  ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                  Percent
                  Total
                  Percent
                  1PAST MONTH406.35%00.04%
                  22 TO 6 MONTHS AGO507.94%00.05%
                  37 TO 12 MONTHS AGO406.35%00.04%
                  4MORE THAN 12 MONTHS AGO5079.37%00.54%
                  .Missing9219-99.32%

                  Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                  • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                  • Total Cases: 9282

                  You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                  Variable Label: Age of last problem because of gambling


                  GM18

                  How old were you the last time [you had (this problem/ either of these problems/any of these problems) because of gambling]?

                  View Universe

                  • Valid N: 45
                  • Refused: 5
                  • Don't Know: 0
                  • Missing (Other): 0
                  • Missing (System): 9232
                  MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                  35.6913.7133.0017.00069.000
                  • Valid Range: 17 - 69
                  • Total Cases: 9282

                  You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                  ((((GM18 <> EMPTY OR (GM17 = 1)) OR (GM17 = 2)) OR (GM17 = 3)) OR (GM17 = DONTKNOW)) OR (GM17 = REFUSAL)

                  1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08776)

                  2 EXPR IS TRUE

                  View Universe

                  This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                    Variable Label: # of diff years in life ever had problem because of gambling


                    GM19

                    How many different years in your life did you ever have [(this problem/ at least one of these problems)]?

                    View Universe

                    • Valid N: 56
                    • Refused: 7
                    • Don't Know: 0
                    • Missing (Other): 0
                    • Missing (System): 9219
                    MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                    03.7106.6802.0001.00040.000
                    • Valid Range: 1 - 40
                    • Total Cases: 9282

                    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                    GM15 = 3

                    1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08800)

                    2 EXPR IS TRUE

                    View Universe

                    This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                      Variable Label: Remember exact age 1st gambling problem


                      GM20

                      You reported having a number of gambling problems. Can you remember your exact age the very first time you had any of these problems?

                      1 YES

                      5 NO (see V08780)

                      View Universe

                      ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                      Percent
                      Total
                      Percent
                      1YES4280.77%00.45%
                      5NO1019.23%00.11%
                      -8DONT KNOW3-00.03%
                      .Missing9227-99.41%

                      Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                      • Missing Data Codes: -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
                      • Total Cases: 9282

                      You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                      Variable Label: Exact age 1st gambling problem


                      GM20a

                      (IF NEC: How old were you?)

                      View Universe

                      • Valid N: 42
                      • Refused: 0
                      • Don't Know: 0
                      • Missing (Other): 0
                      • Missing (System): 9240
                      MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                      25.9510.4622.5009.00055.000
                      • Valid Range: 9 - 55
                      • Total Cases: 9282

                      You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                      GM20 <> 1

                      1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08785)

                      2 EXPR IS TRUE

                      View Universe

                      This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                        Variable Label: Estimate age 1st problems because of gambling


                        GM20b

                        About how old were you (the first time you had any of these problems because of gambling)?

                        View Universe

                        • Valid N: 8
                        • Refused: 5
                        • Don't Know: 0
                        • Missing (Other): 0
                        • Missing (System): 9269
                        MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                        23.8808.6128.0012.00035.000
                        • Valid Range: 12 - 35
                        • Total Cases: 9282

                        You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                        Variable Label: Age 1st problems because of gambling before teens


                        GM20b1

                        Was it before your teens?

                        1 YES (see V08785)

                        5 NO

                        View Universe

                        ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                        Percent
                        Total
                        Percent
                        5NO3100.00%00.03%
                        -8DONT KNOW2-00.02%
                        .Missing9277-99.95%

                        Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                        • Missing Data Codes: -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
                        • Total Cases: 9282

                        You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                        Variable Label: Age 1st problems because of gambling before 20s


                        GM20b2

                        Was it before your twenties?

                        1 YES (see V08785)

                        5 NO (see V08785)

                        View Universe

                        ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                        Percent
                        Total
                        Percent
                        1YES150.00%00.01%
                        5NO150.00%00.01%
                        -8DONT KNOW1-00.01%
                        .Missing9279-99.97%

                        Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                        • Missing Data Codes: -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
                        • Total Cases: 9282

                        You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                        GM20a <> EMPTY OR GM20b <> EMPTY

                        1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08787)

                        2 EXPR IS TRUE

                        View Universe

                        This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                          Variable Label: Recent problems because of gambling in past months


                          GM21

                          How recently did you have any of these problems - in the past month, 2 to 6 months ago, 7 to 12 months ago, or more than 12 months ago?

                          1 PAST MONTH (see V08791)

                          2 2 TO 6 MONTHS AGO (see V08791)

                          3 7 TO 12 MONTHS AGO (see V08791)

                          4 MORE THAN 12 MONTHS AGO

                          View Universe

                          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                          Percent
                          Total
                          Percent
                          1PAST MONTH305.66%00.03%
                          22 TO 6 MONTHS AGO916.98%00.10%
                          37 TO 12 MONTHS AGO713.21%00.08%
                          4MORE THAN 12 MONTHS AGO3464.15%00.37%
                          -8DONT KNOW2-00.02%
                          .Missing9227-99.41%

                          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                          • Missing Data Codes: -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
                          • Total Cases: 9282

                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                          Variable Label: Age last time any problems because of gambling


                          GM22

                          How old were you the last time you had any of these problems?

                          View Universe

                          • Valid N: 33
                          • Refused: 1
                          • Don't Know: 0
                          • Missing (Other): 0
                          • Missing (System): 9248
                          MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                          32.7913.0532.0004.00070.000
                          • Valid Range: 4 - 70
                          • Total Cases: 9282

                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                          Variable Label: Age last time problems because of gambling before teens


                          GM22a1

                          Was it before your teens?

                          1 YES (see V08791)

                          5 NO

                          View Universe

                          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                          Percent
                          Total
                          Percent
                          5NO1100.00%00.01%
                          .Missing9281-99.99%

                          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                          • Total Cases: 9282

                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                          Variable Label: Age last time problems because of gambling before 20s


                          GM22a2

                          Was it before your twenties?

                          1 YES (see V08791)

                          5 NO (see V08791)

                          View Universe

                          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                          Percent
                          Total
                          Percent
                          5NO1100.00%00.01%
                          .Missing9281-99.99%

                          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                          • Total Cases: 9282

                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                          (GM21 <> 4) OR GM22 <> EMPTY

                          1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08794)

                          2 EXPR IS TRUE

                          View Universe

                          This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                            Variable Label: # of different years in life at least 1 gambling problem


                            GM23

                            How many different years in your life did you ever have at least one of these problems?

                            View Universe

                            • Valid N: 51
                            • Refused: 4
                            • Don't Know: 0
                            • Missing (Other): 0
                            • Missing (System): 9227
                            MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                            07.8012.1903.0001.00068.000
                            • Valid Range: 1 - 68
                            • Total Cases: 9282

                            You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                            GM23 <> EMPTY

                            1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08796)

                            2 EXPR IS TRUE

                            View Universe

                            This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                              Variable Label: Had 5 or more gambling problems in same year


                              GM24

                              Did you ever have five or more of these problems in the same year?

                              1 YES

                              5 NO (see V08800)

                              View Universe

                              ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                              Percent
                              Total
                              Percent
                              1YES2241.51%00.24%
                              5NO3158.49%00.33%
                              -8DONT KNOW2-00.02%
                              .Missing9227-99.41%

                              Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                              • Missing Data Codes: -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
                              • Total Cases: 9282

                              You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                              Variable Label: Age 1st had 5 or more of gambling problems in same year


                              GM25

                              How old were you the first time you had five (or more) of these problems in the same year?

                              IF "ALL MY LIFE" OR "AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER," CODE DON'T KNOW

                              View Universe

                              • Valid N: 21
                              • Refused: 1
                              • Don't Know: 0
                              • Missing (Other): 0
                              • Missing (System): 9260
                              MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                              27.3811.9622.0014.00055.000
                              • Valid Range: 14 - 55
                              • Total Cases: 9282

                              You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                              Variable Label: Age 1st had 5 or more of gamb probs same year before teens


                              GM25a1

                              Was it before your teens?

                              1 YES (see V08800)

                              5 NO

                              View Universe

                              ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                              Percent
                              Total
                              Percent
                              5NO1100.00%00.01%
                              .Missing9281-99.99%

                              Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                              • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                              • Total Cases: 9282

                              You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                              Variable Label: Age 1st had 5 or more of gamb probs same year before 20s


                              GM25a2

                              Was it before your twenties?

                              1 YES (see V08800)

                              5 NO (see V08800)

                              View Universe

                              ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                              Percent
                              Total
                              Percent
                              5NO1100.00%00.01%
                              .Missing9281-99.99%

                              Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                              • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                              • Total Cases: 9282

                              You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                              (((((GM15 = 1) OR GM25 <> EMPTY) OR (GM24 <> 1)) OR GM19 <> EMPTY) OR (GM19 = DONTKNOW)) OR (GM19 = REFUSAL)

                              1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08804)

                              2 EXPR IS TRUE

                              View Universe

                              This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                                Variable Label: # of days made any sort of bet in past year


                                GM27

                                About how many days out of 365 did you make any sort of bet in the past 12 months?

                                View Universe

                                • Valid N: 132
                                • Refused: 0
                                • Don't Know: 0
                                • Missing (Other): 0
                                • Missing (System): 9150
                                MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                                62.02100.4011.0000.000365.000
                                • Valid Range: 0 - 365
                                • Total Cases: 9282

                                You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                                GM28

                                INTERVIEWER CHECKPOINT (SEE GM10) GAMBLED AT LEAST 1 TIME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS 1 ALL OTHERS 2 GO TO GM16

                                1 GAMBLED AT LEAST 1 TIME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS

                                2 ALL OTHERS

                                View Universe

                                This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.

                                • Valid Range: 1 - 2



                                GM28 = 1

                                1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08814)

                                2 EXPR IS TRUE

                                View Universe

                                This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                                  Variable Label: Overall ahead or behind in all losses and wins over past year


                                  GM29

                                  Adding up all your wins and losses over the past 12 months, are you ahead overall or behind overall?

                                  1 AHEAD

                                  2 BEHIND

                                  3 (IF VOL) BROKE EVEN

                                  View Universe

                                  ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                  Percent
                                  Total
                                  Percent
                                  1AHEAD2322.12%00.25%
                                  2BEHIND6966.35%00.74%
                                  3(IF VOL) BROKE EVEN1211.54%00.13%
                                  .Missing9178-98.88%

                                  Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                  • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                  • Total Cases: 9282

                                  You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                                  GM29 <> 3

                                  1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08810)

                                  2 EXPR IS TRUE

                                  View Universe

                                  This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                                    Variable Label: How much ahead/behind over past year


                                    GM29a

                                    How much [are you (ahead/behind) over the past 12 months]?

                                    View Universe

                                    • Valid N: 82
                                    • Refused: 8
                                    • Don't Know: 2
                                    • Missing (Other): 0
                                    • Missing (System): 9190
                                    MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                                    1435.012102.10500.0000.0009997.000
                                    • Valid Range: 0 - 9997
                                    • Total Cases: 9282

                                    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                    Variable Label: Year in life when gambled more frequently than in past year


                                    GM30

                                    Was there ever a year in your life when you gambled more frequently than you did in the past 12 months?

                                    1 YES

                                    5 NO

                                    View Universe

                                    ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                    Percent
                                    Total
                                    Percent
                                    1YES5048.08%00.54%
                                    5NO5451.92%00.58%
                                    .Missing9178-98.88%

                                    Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                    • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                    • Total Cases: 9282

                                    You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                                    GM30 <> 1

                                    1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08814)

                                    2 EXPR IS TRUE

                                    View Universe

                                    This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                                      Variable Label: Prefer to gamble alone or with friends


                                      GM31

                                      When you bet or gamble, do you usually prefer to do it alone, or with friends?

                                      1 ALONE

                                      2 WITH FRIENDS

                                      3 (IF VOL) WITH SPOUSE/PARTNER

                                      View Universe

                                      ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                      Percent
                                      Total
                                      Percent
                                      1ALONE1527.78%00.16%
                                      2WITH FRIENDS3972.22%00.42%
                                      .Missing9228-99.42%

                                      Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                      • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                      • Total Cases: 9282

                                      You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                      Variable Label: If same payoff, would pick instant ticket or wait to hear ticket


                                      GM32

                                      If you could choose one of two lottery tickets with the same pay-off, would you pick an instant scratch-off ticket or a ticket where you had to wait to learn if you won?

                                      1 INSTANT SCRATCH-OFF

                                      2 WAIT TO LEARN IF WON

                                      3 (IF VOL) NO PREFERENCE

                                      4 (IF VOL) WOULDN'T BUY EITHER

                                      View Universe

                                      ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                      Percent
                                      Total
                                      Percent
                                      1INSTANT SCRATCH-OFF3768.52%00.40%
                                      2WAIT TO LEARN IF WON1629.63%00.17%
                                      3(IF VOL) NO PREFERENCE101.85%00.01%
                                      .Missing9228-99.42%

                                      Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                      • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                      • Total Cases: 9282

                                      You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                                      GM28 = 2

                                      1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08817)

                                      2 EXPR IS TRUE

                                      View Universe

                                      This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                                        Variable Label: Age last bet or gambled


                                        GM33

                                        How old were you the last time you placed a bet or gambled?

                                        View Universe

                                        • Valid N: 28
                                        • Refused: 0
                                        • Don't Know: 0
                                        • Missing (Other): 0
                                        • Missing (System): 9254
                                        MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                                        35.1114.2635.5009.00066.000
                                        • Valid Range: 9 - 66
                                        • Total Cases: 9282

                                        You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                                        (GM30 = 1) OR GM33 <> EMPTY

                                        1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08825)

                                        2 EXPR IS TRUE

                                        View Universe

                                        This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                                          Variable Label: In year gambled most-# days bet or gambled


                                          GM34

                                          Think of the year in your life when you bet or gambled most frequently. During that year, about how many days out of 365 did you bet or gamble?

                                          View Universe

                                          • Valid N: 76
                                          • Refused: 2
                                          • Don't Know: 0
                                          • Missing (Other): 0
                                          • Missing (System): 9204
                                          MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                                          131.09117.25100.0002.000365.000
                                          • Valid Range: 2 - 365
                                          • Total Cases: 9282

                                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                          Variable Label: In year gambled most-prefer to gamble alone or w/ friends


                                          GM35

                                          When you bet or gambled during that year, did you usually prefer to gamble alone, or with friends?

                                          1 ALONE

                                          2 WITH FRIENDS

                                          3 (IF VOL) WITH SPOUSE/PARTNER

                                          View Universe

                                          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                          Percent
                                          Total
                                          Percent
                                          1ALONE3241.56%00.34%
                                          2WITH FRIENDS4457.14%00.47%
                                          3(IF VOL) WITH SPOUSE/PARTNER101.30%00.01%
                                          -8DONT KNOW1-00.01%
                                          .Missing9204-99.16%

                                          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                          • Missing Data Codes: -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
                                          • Total Cases: 9282

                                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                          Variable Label: During gambl pick instant/wait to hear ticket for same payoff


                                          GM36

                                          During the time you gambled, if you could have chosen one of two lottery tickets with the same pay-off, would you have picked an instant scratch-off ticket or a ticket where you had to wait to learn if you won?

                                          1 INSTANT SCRATCH-OFF

                                          2 WAIT TO LEARN IF WON

                                          3 (IF VOL) NO PREFERENCE

                                          4 (IF VOL) WOULDN'T BUY EITHER

                                          View Universe

                                          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                          Percent
                                          Total
                                          Percent
                                          1INSTANT SCRATCH-OFF3950.65%00.42%
                                          2WAIT TO LEARN IF WON2937.66%00.31%
                                          3(IF VOL) NO PREFERENCE709.09%00.08%
                                          4(IF VOL) WOULDN T BUY EITHER202.60%00.02%
                                          -8DONT KNOW1-00.01%
                                          .Missing9204-99.16%

                                          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                          • Missing Data Codes: -8 (Don't know), . (Missing)
                                          • Total Cases: 9282

                                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                          Variable Label: Extent gambled for excitement


                                          GM37a

                                          People differ a lot in why they gamble. How much [(do/did)] you gamble for each of the following reasons?

                                          First, for excitement. How much [(do/did)] you gamble for excitement - a lot, some, a little, or not at all?

                                          1 A LOT

                                          2 SOME

                                          3 A LITTLE

                                          4 NOT AT ALL

                                          View Universe

                                          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                          Percent
                                          Total
                                          Percent
                                          1A LOT3929.55%00.42%
                                          2SOME4433.33%00.47%
                                          3A LITTLE3022.73%00.32%
                                          4NOT AT ALL1914.39%00.20%
                                          .Missing9150-98.58%

                                          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                          • Total Cases: 9282

                                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                          Variable Label: Extent gambled to relax/have fun


                                          GM37b

                                          (People differ a lot in why they gamble. How much [(do/did)] you gamble for each of the following reasons?)

                                          To relax or have fun?

                                          [IF NEC: How much [(do/did)] you gamble to relax or have fun- a lot, some, a little, or not at all?]

                                          1 A LOT

                                          2 SOME

                                          3 A LITTLE

                                          4 NOT AT ALL

                                          View Universe

                                          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                          Percent
                                          Total
                                          Percent
                                          1A LOT5541.67%00.59%
                                          2SOME3828.79%00.41%
                                          3A LITTLE2317.42%00.25%
                                          4NOT AT ALL1612.12%00.17%
                                          .Missing9150-98.58%

                                          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                          • Total Cases: 9282

                                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                          Variable Label: Extent gambled to win money


                                          GM37c

                                          (People differ a lot in why they gamble. How much [(do/did)] you gamble for each of the following reasons?)

                                          To win money?

                                          (IF NEC: How much [(do/did)] you gamble to win money - a lot, some, a little, or not at all?)

                                          1 A LOT

                                          2 SOME

                                          3 A LITTLE

                                          4 NOT AT ALL

                                          View Universe

                                          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                          Percent
                                          Total
                                          Percent
                                          1A LOT8060.61%00.86%
                                          2SOME2317.42%00.25%
                                          3A LITTLE1813.64%00.19%
                                          4NOT AT ALL1108.33%00.12%
                                          .Missing9150-98.58%

                                          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                          • Total Cases: 9282

                                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                          Variable Label: Extent gambled to be with/make new friends


                                          GM37d

                                          (People differ a lot in why they gamble. How much [(do/did)] you gamble for each of the following reasons?)

                                          To be with friends or to make new friends?

                                          (IF NEC: How much [(do/did)] you gamble to be with friends or to make new friends- a lot, some, a little, or not at all?)

                                          1 A LOT

                                          2 SOME

                                          3 A LITTLE

                                          4 NOT AT ALL

                                          View Universe

                                          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                          Percent
                                          Total
                                          Percent
                                          1A LOT2015.15%00.22%
                                          2SOME3425.76%00.37%
                                          3A LITTLE3224.24%00.34%
                                          4NOT AT ALL4634.85%00.50%
                                          .Missing9150-98.58%

                                          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                          • Total Cases: 9282

                                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                          Variable Label: Lost track of time when gambling


                                          GM38a

                                          When you [(gamble/gambled)], how often [(do you/did you)] do each of the following -- often, sometimes, rarely, or never?

                                          How often [(do/did)] you lose track of time?

                                          1 OFTEN

                                          2 SOMETIMES

                                          3 RARELY

                                          4 NEVER

                                          View Universe

                                          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                          Percent
                                          Total
                                          Percent
                                          1OFTEN4231.82%00.45%
                                          2SOMETIMES3425.76%00.37%
                                          3RARELY1712.88%00.18%
                                          4NEVER3929.55%00.42%
                                          .Missing9150-98.58%

                                          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                          • Total Cases: 9282

                                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                          Variable Label: In trance-like state when gambling


                                          GM38b

                                          (When you [(gamble/gambled)], how often [(do you/did you)] do each of the following -- often, sometimes, rarely, or never?)

                                          How often [(do/did)] you go into a trance-like state?

                                          (IF NEC: How often [(does/did)] this happen to you -- often, sometimes, rarely, or never?)

                                          1 OFTEN

                                          2 SOMETIMES

                                          3 RARELY

                                          4 NEVER

                                          View Universe

                                          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                          Percent
                                          Total
                                          Percent
                                          1OFTEN1108.33%00.12%
                                          2SOMETIMES2015.15%00.22%
                                          3RARELY1813.64%00.19%
                                          4NEVER8362.88%00.89%
                                          .Missing9150-98.58%

                                          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                          • Total Cases: 9282

                                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                          Variable Label: Feel you are watching yourself gamble


                                          GM38c

                                          (When you [(gamble/gambled)], how often [(do you/did you)] do each of the following -- often, sometimes, rarely, or never?)

                                          How often [(do/did)] you feel like you are outside your body, as if you were watching yourself gamble?

                                          (IF NEC: How often [(does/did)] this happen to you -- often, sometimes, rarely, or never?)

                                          1 OFTEN (see V08834)

                                          2 SOMETIMES (see V08834)

                                          3 RARELY (see V08834)

                                          4 NEVER (see V08834)

                                          View Universe

                                          ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                          Percent
                                          Total
                                          Percent
                                          1OFTEN201.52%00.02%
                                          2SOMETIMES403.03%00.04%
                                          3RARELY906.82%00.10%
                                          4NEVER11788.64%01.26%
                                          .Missing9150-98.58%

                                          Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                          • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                          • Total Cases: 9282

                                          You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                                          GM39

                                          INTERVIEWER CHECKPOINT (SEE GM9, GM15)

                                          1 GM9 EQUALS 1 OR GM15 = 2 OR 3

                                          2 ALL OTHERS

                                          View Universe

                                          This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.

                                          • Valid Range: 1 - 2



                                          GM39 = 1

                                          1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08868)

                                          2 EXPR IS TRUE

                                          View Universe

                                          This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                                            Variable Label: Talked to professional about problems with gambling


                                            GM40

                                            Did you ever in your life talk to a medical doctor or other professional about your problems with gambling? (By other professional we mean psychologists, counselors, spiritual advisors, herbalists, acupuncturists, and other healing professionals.)

                                            1 YES

                                            5 NO (see V08839)

                                            View Universe

                                            ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                            Percent
                                            Total
                                            Percent
                                            1YES201.69%00.02%
                                            5NO11698.31%01.25%
                                            .Missing9164-98.73%

                                            Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                            • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                            • Total Cases: 9282

                                            You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                            Variable Label: Age 1st talked toprofessional about gambling problems


                                            GM40a

                                            How old were you the first time (you talked to a professional about your gambling problems)?

                                            View Universe

                                            • Valid N: 2
                                            • Refused: 0
                                            • Don't Know: 0
                                            • Missing (Other): 0
                                            • Missing (System): 9280
                                            MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                                            36.5019.0936.5023.00050.000
                                            • Valid Range: 23 - 50
                                            • Total Cases: 9282

                                            You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                            Variable Label: # of visits to professional about gambling probs in past year


                                            GM40b

                                            How many visits to a professional about your gambling problems did you make in the past 12 months?

                                            View Universe

                                            • Valid N: 2
                                            • Refused: 0
                                            • Don't Know: 0
                                            • Missing (Other): 0
                                            • Missing (System): 9280
                                            MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                                            03.0000.0003.0003.00003.000
                                            • Valid Range: 3 - 3
                                            • Total Cases: 9282

                                            You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                            Variable Label: Went to self-help group for people w/ gambling problems


                                            GM41

                                            Did you ever go to a self-help group for people with gambling problems?

                                            1 YES

                                            5 NO (see V08842)

                                            View Universe

                                            ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                            Percent
                                            Total
                                            Percent
                                            1YES100.85%00.01%
                                            5NO11799.15%01.26%
                                            .Missing9164-98.73%

                                            Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                            • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                            • Total Cases: 9282

                                            You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                            Variable Label: Age 1st went to self-help group for gambling problems


                                            GM41a

                                            How old were you the first time (you went to a self-help group for people with gambling problems)?

                                            View Universe

                                            • Valid N: 1
                                            • Refused: 0
                                            • Don't Know: 0
                                            • Missing (Other): 0
                                            • Missing (System): 9281
                                            MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                                            51.0000.0051.0051.00051.000
                                            • Valid Range: 51 - 51
                                            • Total Cases: 9282

                                            You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                            Variable Label: # of self-help group phone calls/mtgs attended in past year


                                            GM41b

                                            How many gambling self-help group phone calls or group meetings did you make in the past 12 months?

                                            View Universe

                                            • Valid N: 1
                                            • Refused: 0
                                            • Don't Know: 0
                                            • Missing (Other): 0
                                            • Missing (System): 9281
                                            MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                                            04.0000.0004.0004.00004.000
                                            • Valid Range: 4 - 4
                                            • Total Cases: 9282

                                            You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                                            GM42

                                            INTERVIEWER CHECKPOINT (SEE GM40, GM41)

                                            1 R EVER SAW A PROFESSIONAL OR ATTENDED A SELF-HELP GROUP

                                            2 ALL OTHERS 2 GO TO NEXT

                                            View Universe

                                            This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.

                                            • Valid Range: 1 - 2



                                            GM42 = 1

                                            1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08868)

                                            2 EXPR IS TRUE

                                            View Universe

                                            This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                                              Variable Label: Received helpful/effective trmt/cousel for gambling problem


                                              GM43

                                              Did you ever get treatment or counseling for your gambling problems that you considered helpful or effective?

                                              1 YES

                                              5 NO (see V08854)

                                              View Universe

                                              ValueLabelFrequencyValid
                                              Percent
                                              Total
                                              Percent
                                              1YES150.00%00.01%
                                              5NO150.00%00.01%
                                              .Missing9280-99.98%

                                              Disclaimer: Frequencies displayed above are not weighted.

                                              • Missing Data Codes: . (Missing)
                                              • Total Cases: 9282

                                              You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.


                                              Variable Label: Age 1st helpful treatment/counsel for gambling problem


                                              GM43a

                                              How old were you the first time (you got helpful treatment or counseling)?

                                              View Universe

                                              • Valid N: 1
                                              • Refused: 0
                                              • Don't Know: 0
                                              • Missing (Other): 0
                                              • Missing (System): 9281
                                              MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                                              21.0000.0021.0021.00021.000
                                              • Valid Range: 21 - 21
                                              • Total Cases: 9282

                                              You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                                              (GM43a <> DONTKNOW) AND (GM43a <> REFUSAL)

                                              1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08854)

                                              2 EXPR IS TRUE

                                              View Universe

                                              This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                                                Variable Label: # of different profs seen for gambling incl helpful trmt doc


                                                GM43b

                                                How many different [(professionals/or/self-help groups)] did you ever go to for your gambling problems, up to and including the first time you got helpful treatment or counseling?

                                                View Universe

                                                • Valid N: 1
                                                • Refused: 0
                                                • Don't Know: 0
                                                • Missing (Other): 0
                                                • Missing (System): 9281
                                                MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                                                03.0000.0003.0003.00003.000
                                                • Valid Range: 3 - 3
                                                • Total Cases: 9282

                                                You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                                                ((GM43 <> 1) OR (GM43a = DONTKNOW)) OR (GM43a = REFUSAL)

                                                1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08868)

                                                2 EXPR IS TRUE

                                                View Universe

                                                This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.


                                                  Variable Label: # of different profs or self-help groups seen for gambling probs


                                                  GM43c

                                                  How many different [(professionals/or/self-help groups)] did you ever go to for your gambling problems?

                                                  View Universe

                                                  • Valid N: 1
                                                  • Refused: 0
                                                  • Don't Know: 0
                                                  • Missing (Other): 0
                                                  • Missing (System): 9281
                                                  MeanStd DevMedianMinMax
                                                  02.0000.0002.0002.00002.000
                                                  • Valid Range: 2 - 2
                                                  • Total Cases: 9282

                                                  You can also view this variable in SDA open in new window.



                                                  1 30% of Intermediate

                                                  2 ALL OTHERS

                                                  View Universe

                                                  This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.

                                                  • Valid Range: 1 - 2



                                                  1 30% of Short

                                                  2 ALL OTHERS

                                                  View Universe

                                                  This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.

                                                  • Valid Range: 1 - 2



                                                  ForTesting = 1

                                                  1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08870)

                                                  2 EXPR IS TRUE

                                                  View Universe

                                                  This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.



                                                    1 30% of Long

                                                    2 ALL OTHERS

                                                    View Universe

                                                    This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.

                                                    • Valid Range: 1 - 2



                                                    (((GROUP = 1) AND (WU_Long_Draw = 1)) OR ((GROUP = 2) AND (WU_Intermediate_Draw = 1))) OR ((GROUP = 3) AND (WU_Short_Draw = 1))

                                                    1 EXPR IS FALSE (see V08886)

                                                    2 EXPR IS TRUE

                                                    View Universe

                                                    This variable has been removed from the dataset. This variable may be available in the restricted file. For information on obtaining restricted data, please contact netmail@icpsr.umich.edu. If you'd like more information about the variable, you can view the summary statistics and/or frequencies.